By Karl R. Matthews, Gerald M. Sapers, Charles P. Gerba
This ebook is geared up into 5 sections starting with an advent during which the matter is defined when it comes to the quantity and measurement of produce comparable outbreaks, the commodities concerned, and the human pathogens concerned. The creation additionally records the failure of traditional sanitizing remedies to guarantee microbiological protection interpreting the issues of microbial attachment.
The moment part experiences tools of deciding on a infection resource (epidemiology, hint again, pressure id, place of resource) after which makes a speciality of many of the assets of microbial illness (water, manure, airborne airborne dirt and dust, flora and fauna, human task) and the place within the crop creation series they may lead to infection.
In the 3rd part, many of the commodities linked to significant outbreaks (leafy greens, tomatoes, cantaloupes, apples, berries, sprouts) are tested to figure out what features lead them to particularly liable to infection.
The fourth part then addresses technique of keeping off produce illness via use of fine Agricultural Practices and suggestions in FDA and tips records. Regulatory activities (recalls, regulations on imports) to guard the general public from almost certainly harmful items are defined. assurance comprises coverage and practices within the US, Mexico and significant the US, Europe and Japan.
The 5th part examines present applied sciences for lowering human pathogens in clean produce together with disinfection, swift equipment for detecting contaminants, irradiation, gas-phase software and most sensible practices appropriate to natural growers, packers and processors.
*Addresses foodborne contaminations from a prevention view, offering pro-active recommendations to the issues *Covers center resources of illness and methodologies for making a choice on these assets *Includes most sensible perform and regulatory details
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This e-book is prepared into 5 sections starting with an advent within which the matter is defined by way of the quantity and dimension of produce similar outbreaks, the commodities concerned, and the human pathogens concerned. The advent additionally files the failure of traditional sanitizing remedies to guarantee microbiological defense reading the issues of microbial attachment.
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Additional resources for The Produce Contamination Problem: Causes and Solutions
2006). Cracks in the cuticle, or other damage that exposes the epidermal cells of the plant surface are often sites at which bacteria colonize. The plant surface itself is an inhospitable environment for enteric pathogens. It is subject to large swings in temperature and relative humidity, limited water or nutrient availability, and potential exposure to UV from sunlight. It also contains a large population of foliar microorganisms in large aggregates that may compete with foodborne pathogens for nutrients in this environment (Lindow, 2006).
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68, 397–400. Solomon, E. B. and Matthews, K. R. (2005). Use of fluorescent microspheres as a tool to investigate bacterial interactions with growing plants. Journal of Food Protection 68, 870–873. Solomon, E. , Brandl, M. , and Mandrell, R. E. (2006). Biology of foodborne pathogens on produce. In Microbiology of Fresh Produce (K. R. ). ASM Press, Washington, DC. Stine, S. , Choi, C. , and Gerba, C. P. (2005). Effect of relative humidity on preharvest survival of bacterial and viral pathogens on the surface of cantaloupe, lettuce, and bell peppers.
Annous, B. , Solomon, E. , Cooke, P. , and Burke, A. (2005). Biofilm formation by Salmonella spp. on cantaloupe melons. Journal of Food Safety 25, 276–287. 39 40 C H A P T E R 2 : Microbial Attachment and Limitations of Decontamination Methodologies Anonymous. (2007). Outbreak alert! Closing the gaps in our federal food-safety net. Center for Science in the Public Interest. Washington, DC. org Barak, J. , and Charkowski, A. O. (2005). Salmonella enterica virulence genes are required for bacterial attachment to plant tissue.