By Robert Hudson
In Seeing Things, Robert Hudson assesses a standard manner of arguing approximately remark experiences known as "robustness reasoning." Robustness reasoning claims that an remark record is prone to be real if the record is produced by way of a number of, self sustaining resources. Seeing Things argues that robustness reasoning lacks the designated price it is usually claimed to have. Hudson exposes key flaws in a variety of well known philosophical defenses of robustness reasoning. This philosophical critique of robustness is prolonged by way of recounting 5 episodes within the heritage of technology (from experimental microbiology, atomic concept, astrophysics and astronomy) the place robustness reasoning is -- or should be claimed to were -- used. Hudson is going directly to exhibit that none of those episodes do in reality express robustness reasoning. during this manner, the importance of robustness reasoning is rebutted on either philosophical and old grounds.
But the publication does greater than critique robustness reasoning. It additionally develops a greater security of the informative worth of remark studies. The publication concludes through touching on insights into the failure of robustness reasoning to a well-liked method of clinical realism referred to as "(theoretical) preservationism." Hudson argues that those that guard this method of realism dedicate related error to those that suggest robustness reasoning. In flip, a brand new type of realism is formulated and defended. referred to as "methodological preservationism," it acknowledges the elemental worth of bare eye statement to scientists -- and the remainder of us.
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Additional resources for Seeing Things: The Philosophy of Reliable Observation
A kind of back-up source of evidence that rests on different assumptions than those behind the primary evidence claim. [As such] one might be protected against the failure due to a wrong assumption of one’s claim about how strong the evidence is for a hypothesis. In effect, this is to claim that, although one’s assumptions might be wrong, one’s claim that the hypothesis has evidence of some specified strength in support of it would still be correct (though not for the reasons initially given).
As such] one might be protected against the failure due to a wrong assumption of one’s claim about how strong the evidence is for a hypothesis. In effect, this is to claim that, although one’s assumptions might be wrong, one’s claim that the hypothesis has evidence of some specified strength in support of it would still be correct (though not for the reasons initially given). (474–475) The benefit Staley here cites with robustness is clearly the same benefit to which Wimsatt refers, that of having multiple, redundant evidential supports for a (theoretical or observational) claim.
Prepared for fluorescent microscopy’ (201). Now, if the nonartifactuality of these dense bodies were a genuine concern, and if the plan was to use robustness reasoning to settle the question of artifactualness, the preparation of specimens with ‘striking configurations of dense bodies’ would be a puzzling activity. Where such bodies are artifacts, one would be creating specimens with a maximum degree of unreliability. So it must be Hacking’s view that electron microscopy possesses a minimal level of reliability that assures us of the prima facie reality of dense bodies and that fluorescence microscopy is used to further authenticate the reliability of electron microscopy (as opposed to initially establishing this reliability).