By Morris Low
This booklet highlights the significance of people within the shaping of postwar Japan by way of supplying an historic account of the way physicists constituted an influential elite. A historical past of technological know-how standpoint offers perception into their function, supporting us to appreciate the hybrid id of jap scientists, and the way they reinvented not just themselves, but in addition Japan within the a long time after its defeat. Low explores the lives and paintings of 7 physicists, of whom have been Nobel prize winners, and uses little-known career interval records, own papers of physicists, and jap language resource fabric.
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Additional resources for Science and the Building of a New Japan (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University)
Attempts were also made to construct apparatus for the separation of uranium isotopes by thermal diffusion and by the centrifugal process. 86 Between 1940 and 1942, the military expressed great interest in the possibility of constructing an atomic weapon. Prime Minister Hideki Tpjp requested the chief of the Army Air Technical Laboratories (Rikugun Kpku Gijutsu Kenkyujo), Takeo Yasuda, to investigate the matter. He, in turn, passed the matter to Lt. Col. Tatsusaburp Suzuki, who subsequently produced a lengthy report in Mobilizing Science in World War II 37 collaboration with Rypkichi Sagane.
The relevance of this chapter is in how Nishina, a physicist with no imperial university affiliation, was able to overcome the odds and convince the Army and other funding bodies to part with large sums of money. How did physicists reconcile working on such a project? How physicists have gone about obtaining funding, their motivations, and what they have argued for is what the following chapters are all about. I Yoshio Nishina: Family Background, Education, and Research Like many physicists of his day, Yoshio Nishina came from a privileged background.
Like all other Japanese, they rejoiced in military victories and lamented defeats. . 76 Nagaoka was not shy about engaging in such rhetoric and was a central figure in the mobilization of Japanese science. It appears that he enjoyed a special relationship with the Army and Navy. In 1940, he became a consultant to the Army Technical Headquarters and councilor of the Army Ordnance Department. Nagaoka belonged to many military and Agency of Science and Technology committees. He held membership in the Navy’s own Science and Technology Council (Kaigun Kagaku Gijutsu Shingikai) (1942) and the Army and Navy Committee for Radio Technology (Rikukaigun Denpa Gijutsu Iinkai) (1943).