By Tom Rockmore
Martin Heidegger's influence on modern notion is necessary and arguable. in spite of the fact that in France, the impact of this German thinker is such that modern French idea can't be safely understood irrespective of Heidegger and his notable impression. Tom Rockmore examines the reception of Heidegger's concept in France. He argues that during the interval after the second one global struggle, a result of atypical nature of the humanist French Philosophical culture, Heidegger grew to become the grasp philosopher of French philosophy. possibly most significantly, he contends that this reception - first as philosophical anthropology and later as postmetaphysical humanism - is systematically wrong.
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Extra info for Heidegger and French Philosophy: Humanism, Antihumanism and Being
Philosophy, in this model, takes place as a rapid-fire exchange in a direct, face-to-face encounter. 3 The oral, Socratic model of philosophy as dialogue is characterized by a resolutely antitraditional stance. This antitraditionalism is exemplified, even in views that do not insist on oral dialogue, in the familiar idea that we need to begin again—to begin in awareness of the failure of previous thought (Kant), to make a new beginning (Husserl), to recover the beginning (Heidegger), to ignore the history of philosophy in a resolutely systematic approach (Quine).
65 In a much-quoted passage, which perhaps exaggerates Hegel’s influence—as it is unclear how Hegel relates to the discovery of psychoanalysis although his presence in French psychoanalysis is very real— Merleau-Ponty provides an antidote to this neglect, while at the same time warning specifically and very aptly against confusing Hegel’s thought with the uses to which it has been put: All the great philosophical ideas of the past century—the philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche, phenomenology, German existentialism, and psychoanalysis—had their beginnings in Hegel; it was he who started the attempt to explore the irrational and integrate it into an expanded reason which remains the task of our century.
Hegel intended to bring to a close the movement in thought initiated by Kant. 21 In his first philosophical text, the socalled Differenzschrift, Hegel argued that there can never be more than one true philosophical system; one can point to basic dissimilarities between the Kantian and the Hegelian positions to deny that there is any single position that Kant and Hegel share. It is even more difficult to identify a single position 23 HEIDEGGER AND FRENCH PHILOSOPHY shared by Descartes and Locke since the former’s rationalism and the latter’s empiricism seem basically incompatible.