By Health Metrics Network - World Health Organization
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Extra info for Framework and Standards for Country Health Information Systems
As such, national surveys become major national planning and evaluation instruments. It is therefore important that international standards and norms are adhered to. 30 Framewor k and standards for country health information s ystems Fig 8. Population surveys – minimum standards for data-collection methods Standards Censuses Individual Records Civil Registration Service Records Population Surveys Resource Records Populationbased Institutionbased Standards-Compliant Data-Collection Activities A regular well-integrated country demand-driven survey programme which is part of a national health information system that generates high-quality information on population health, risk factors, health service coverage and data that is internationally comparable Strategic Elements • Integrated master plan of surveys to be conducted through 2015 • High-quality health and socioeconomic information generated on a regular basis • Appropriate integration and streamlining of surveys with other health data sources • Internationally accepted standards for conducting surveys regarding ethical issues, design and implementation, analysis and dissemination • Use of local surveys as needed Several steps are needed for a health information system to obtain a well-functioning survey system.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2005, 83:171–177. html 4 Mahapatra P et al. Civil Registration Systems and Vital Statistics: successes and missed opportunities. Lancet, 2007 (forthcoming). 5 Hill K et al. Interim measures for meeting health sector data needs: Births, deaths and causes of death. Lancet, 2007 (forthcoming). Civil registration – minimum standards for data-collection methods Standards Censuses Individual Records Civil Registration Service Records Population Surveys Resource Records Populationbased Institutionbased Standards-Compliant Data-Collection Activities • A properly functioning system with high coverage that does not systematically under or over-represent particular population subgroups • Such a system should produce: 1.
For certain diseases or health events that need to trigger urgent public health action, and for other health conditions to which special resources are dedicated, special separate surveillance systems or monitoring and evaluation strategies have often been developed. These include targeted surveillance systems, cancer registries, specialized clinical care systems for diseases of special significance (such as tuberculosis) and often elaborate and distinct (“vertical”) monitoring and evaluation strategies for diseases of great global interest (such as HIV/AIDS or vaccinepreventable diseases).