By Cynthia R. Nielsen
Nielsen bargains a discussion with Foucault, Frederick Douglass, Frantz Fanon and the Augustinian-Franciscan culture, investigating the relation among social development and freedom and presenting an traditionally pleasant, ethically delicate, and religico-philosophical version for man or woman and life in a shared pluralistic global.
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Additional resources for Foucault, Douglass, Fanon, and Scotus in Dialogue: On Social Construction and Freedom
It consists in Foucault and Subjectivities ● 25 taking the forms of resistance against different forms of power as a starting point. To use another metaphor, it consists of using this resistance as a chemical catalyst so as to bring to light power relations, locate their position, and find out their point of application and the methods used. 31 In this passage, Foucault drives home the interrelation of power and resistance. That is, he suggests that the best way to begin to grasp what he has in mind with power relations of the productive and not merely repressive sort is to analyze various resistance tactics occurring in particular localized historical contexts.
77 Although Foucault is clear that counterhegemonic resistances are possible and bring about real change over time, he recognizes that sociopolitical transformations emerge slowly, often painfully, and that strategic developments and a host of other contingent factors afford some groups more authority, control, and ascendancy than others. For example, in light of their function and weight within a particular societal formation, certain groups—perhaps those with more economic resources at their disposal— do in fact occupy positions of greater inf luence within the whole than others.
Another important aspect of my study is to elaborate strategies of resistance. Foucault, Douglass, Fanon, and to some degree Scotus engage in counterdiscourses, as well as nondiscursive practices, in order to critique accepted values, institutions, and customs of the (dominant) societies in which they lived and to offer alternative ways of being-in-the-world with others. More specifically, Douglass, Fanon, and Foucault claim that even in extremely oppressive contexts it is possible for an agent to resist the dominant group(s) or discourses through subversive actions that involve self-(re)invention.