By Heike Wiese
Each linguistic concept has to return to grips with a primary estate of human language: the life of exceptions, i.e. phenomena that don't persist with the normal styles one observes another way. The contributions to this quantity talk about and exemplify a number of techniques to exceptionality inside of various formal and non-formal frameworks.
Read Online or Download Expecting the Unexpected: Exceptions in Grammar PDF
Similar grammar books
During this fun-filled publication, playful puns and comical comic strip cats mix to teach, no longer inform, readers what prepositions are all approximately. each one preposition within the textual content, like lower than, over, by means of the clover, approximately, all through, and subsequent to Rover, is highlighted in colour for simple id. this is often the latest addition to the phrases Are CATagorical(tm) sequence, which has bought over 450,000 copies.
English Language and its utilization has develop into super emotive concerns in recent times. ordinary discussions within the media have highlighted a becoming call for for a go back to the research of language after a long time of overlook. This booklet is an introductory descriptive survey, meant for college students, lecturers and normal readers which bargains insurance of grammatical subject matters with sections on spelling, punctuation and workouts.
- ON THE MOVE. The mobility of constituents in the English noun phrase: a multi-method approach. (Language and Computers 31)
- Catalan: A Comprehensive Grammar , 1st Edition
- The Clause Structure of Wolof: Insights into the Left Periphery (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today)
- Powerhouse: An Intermediate Business English Course Coursebook
- Basic Persian: A Grammar and Workbook (Grammar Workbooks)
Extra resources for Expecting the Unexpected: Exceptions in Grammar
Dressler and Merlini Barbaresi 1994), and it is this expressive component that the morphosyntactically exceptional distribution of –chen and –i in (13) and of –ish in (14) draws on. Hence, the possibility of directly involving pragmatic aspects in morphology can lead to the establishment of morpho-syntactically exceptional subsystems: in this case, the hybrid syntactic status of diminutive sufﬁxes inbetween head and modiﬁer. Strangely, there are also cases where morphology itself seems to be the source of exceptional behaviour at the higher syntactic level – a phenomenon which runs counter to the otherwise well-established, though not universally accepted34 principle that syntax cannot ‘see’ the internal word-formational makeup of the lexical items it deals with, known as the ‘Lexical Integrity Hypothesis’ (Di Sciullo and Williams 1987: 48).
Hurford, James R. 1975 The Linguistic Theory of Numerals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 16). Jackendoff, Ray S. 2002 Foundations of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Janda, Richard D. 1991 Frequency, markedness, and morphological change. On predicting the spread of noun-plural -s in Modern High German and West Germanic. ), 136–153. Columbus (OH): Ohio State University. Jankowsky, Kurt R. 1972 The Neogrammarians. A Re-Evaluation of Their Place in the Development of Linguistic Science.
In comparison to syntax, the interpretation of complex forms in word formation is underdetermined by their constituent structure and less driven by strict rules of syntactic-semantic cocomposition; instead, it makes more use of contextual information. This is evident, for instance, in the case of determining the semantic relation between constituents of a compound. Take again a German example, the nominal compound Fischfrau ‘ﬁsh-woman’. 33 In comparison to syntax, morphology is also less characterised by clearcut classes with particular deﬁning features and more often based on protopatterns that form the basis for classes that are driven by associations.