By Louis M. Imbeau (auth.), Louis M. Imbeau (eds.)
George Bush’s 1988 crusade pledge, "Read my lips: no new taxes," has turn into a mantra if you mistrust politicians and bureaucrats. The gulf among what political leaders say and do seems widening, and in democratic societies worldwide, contributing to an environment of cynicism and apathy one of the citizenry. figuring out the features and features of speech in coverage methods is a demand for attempting to triumph over this challenge. in spite of the fact that, there was scant research of political discourse; the purpose of this ebook is to assist fill this analytical hole, through exploring political speech from a number of views, together with normative, epistemological, and empirical. Incorporating insights from economics, political technological know-how, philosophy, and legislations, and proof from the us, Canada, France, Italy, Turkey, and the ecu, the e-book addresses a wide selection of well timed concerns, including:
- Fiscal self-discipline in speeches vs price range stability Revenues forecasted in finances speeches vs discovered funds results Electoral pledges vs genuine realizations Ideological stance in social gathering courses vs spending and sales of get together governments The political enterprise cycle
Other questions explored comprise: may still coverage makers continually inform the reality and the entire fact? What are the advantages and the prices of transparency? How do we unravel the plain contradiction among the democratic call for for transparency and the potency requirement of secrecy in lots of coverage parts? lower than which stipulations is secrecy applicable in a democratic society? To what volume may perhaps deception and lies result in a breach of belief or to strength abuse? What are the most productive institutional mechanisms to avoid such abuse? jointly, the authors current new insights for figuring out political method and govt job, and recommend avenues for extra examine.
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Extra resources for Do They Walk Like They Talk?: Speech and Action in Policy Processes
In other words, public sector actors will seek to raise the cost of searching for information on matters that are or can become important for large segments of the population. 14 The literature – see for example Congleton (1991) and Salmon (2002) – often calls the kind of groupings I have in mind ‘‘coalitions,’’ which gives the impression that the groupings are alliances. The groupings that segmentation begets are seldom, if ever, alliances. ’’ 15 The number of players in the public sector is very large.
The answer, which I have already revealed, is that there are. Marian Burros (2005) reports that ‘‘tests performed . . on salmon sold as wild by eight New York City stores, going for as much as $29 a pound, showed that the fish at six of the eight were farm raised. ’’ In 10 If there is only one cluster whose members’ demand curve has a price elasticity greater than one, we have monopoly pricing. 11 Shrouding and brainwashing, though they no doubt belong to the same family of activities used to manipulate individuals, are two different phenomena.
38 A. Breton As these three stories illustrate, information shrouding can take many forms, indeed many more than the stories report. I hope they also make clear that shrouding is not an all or nothing phenomenon – no shrouding or complete shrouding – it is a variable that can be normalized to take any value that is larger than zero (a very small amount of it) and as large as one (complete shrouding). 14 Also, as in the marketplace, search costs can be raised through a variety of techniques: falsification, misrepresentation, ambiguity, secrecy, selective emphasis, and so on.