By Luc De Wulf, Luc De Wulf, Jose B. Sokol
A spouse to the 'Customs Modernization Handbook', this e-book presents case stories on customs modernization projects in seven international locations: Bolivia, Morocco, Mozambique, Peru, the Philippines, Turkey, and Uganda. The projects in every one of those international locations convey similarities in addition to transformations of their process and layout. a few have depended on a version of self reliant profit experts (Uganda and Peru), others have known as upon inner most region carrier prone to start up the modernization method (Mozambique), others have taken the drastic step of a whole overhaul in their customs employees (Bolivia and Mozambique), others brought new info know-how to streamline customs methods and to combine different individuals of the buying and selling neighborhood into an digital community (Ghana), whereas nonetheless others have approached the modernization technique as a practical, well-focused, result-oriented approach.
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Extra info for Customs Modernization Initiatives: Case Studies (World Bank Trade and Development Series)
NCB staff members may still inspect imports that have a proper PSI certificate, a step that obviously delays customs clearance. The NCB is planning to phase out its reliance on PSI. Under this plan, PSI companies would gradually restrict their intervention to those tariff categories where such intervention is still warranted because of the revenue importance of the imports. In June 2002, the NCB exempted 48 chapters from PSI. In January 2003, all PSI ceased, in preparation for which the NCB had strengthened it capacities to undertake pre- and post-release valuation control.
Subsequent to the customs reform in 1999, imports have declined, reflecting the economic Customs Controls and Selectivity Enforcement Bolivia slowdown, the reduction in investments by privatized companies, and the completion of the Bolivia–Brazil gas pipeline. 3). This result points to the favorable effect of the reform on customs efficiency, notwithstanding the possible adverse effects of the staff changeover on expertise and of weaknesses in the implementation of new regulations. The assignment of more staff members to inspections and more expedient enforcement of the new regulations might have enhanced the effects of the reform on revenue.
If well executed, such a program could further reduce the number of physical inspections and feed into the postrelease verification program, without jeopardizing the NCB’s revenue raising responsibilities. Private users have various recommendations for improving the customs service. They suggest the following: • improving coordination with companies that manage customs warehouses • ensuring that changes in release procedures are implemented in such a way as not to cause problems for exporters • extending the NCB’s workday beyond the present eight hours when required by trade flows • generalizing the practice of accepting the principle of good faith in establishing penalties levied in the case of inaccurate completion of documents • devising a solution to the problem of smuggling by small traders in the context of regulations that allow and encourage informal sector activities.