By Mirko Degli Esposti, Eduardo G. Altmann, Francois Pachet
This ebook collects study contributions touching on quantitative ways to symbolize originality and universality in language. the objective viewers contains researchers and specialists within the box however the e-book can also be priceless for graduate students.
Creativity can be regarded as a morphogenetic technique combining common good points with originality. whereas quantitative tools utilized to textual content and song display common positive factors of language and song, originality is a hugely liked characteristic of authors, composers, and performers.
during this framework, different tools of conventional difficulties of authorship attribution and record type supply vital insights on how you can quantify the original beneficial properties of authors, composers, and types. Such specified beneficial properties distinction, and are constrained through, common signatures, equivalent to scaling legislation in word-frequency distribution, entropy measures, long-range correlations, between others. This interaction among innovation and universality is usually an important factor of equipment for computerized textual content generation.
Innovation in language turns into suitable while it truly is imitated and unfold to different audio system and musicians. glossy electronic databases supply new possibilities to signify and version the production and evolution of linguistic strategies on old time scales, a very vital instance of the extra basic challenge of spreading of recommendations in complicated social systems.
This multidisciplinary publication combines scientists from numerous diverse backgrounds drawn to quantitative research of adaptations (synchronic and diachronic) in language and song. the purpose is to acquire a deeper figuring out of the way originality emerges, might be quantified, and propagates.
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Extra resources for Creativity and Universality in Language
Uk/) and consisted of transliterations of the logo-syllabic symbols. A. H. Zanette texts, we first computed the total number of possible arrangements between the words in a given text, as follows: N! Ω= K , (1) j=1 n j ! where K is the size of the vocabulary and n j represents the number of instances of the word with index j = 1 . . K . Then, the entropy can be estimated à la Boltzmann, as follows: 1 log2 Ω. (2) Hs = N Since the random texts lack any linguistic structure beyond word frequencies, the entropy will be larger than that of the original sequence, H .
In the same sense that a scientific law cannot be judged separated from a theory, linguistic laws are only fully defined once a generative process is given. The existence of long-range correlations, burstiness, and topical variations lead to strong fluctuations in the estimations of observables in texts, including the quantities described by linguistic laws. Our findings have consequences to applications in information retrieval and text generation. , bag-of-words models) have a limited applicability.
241–249. Springer (2013) 46. : Adv. Complex Syst. 5(1), 7 (2002) 47. : PLOS ONE 8(6), e66344 (2013) 48. : Cortex 55, 5 (2014) Symmetry and Universality in Language Change Richard A. Blythe Abstract We investigate mechanisms for language change within a framework where an unconventional signal for a meaning is first innovated, and then subsequently propagated through a speech community to replace the existing convention. We appeal to the notion of universality as it applies to complex interacting systems in the physical sciences and which establishes a link between generic (‘universal’) patterns at the macroscopic scale and symmetries at the microscopic scale.