By Maarten Bavinck, Lorenzo Pellegrini, Erik Mostert
Inhabitants of negative, rural components within the worldwide South seriously depend upon traditional assets of their fast region. Conflicts over and exploitation of those assets – if it is water, fish, wooden gas, minerals, or land – significantly impact their livelihoods. The participants to this quantity depart in the back of the polarised debate, formerly surrounding the connection among traditional assets and clash, who prefer a extra nuanced technique that enables for a number of explanations at a number of degrees. The contributions disguise a big selection of assets, geographical contexts (Africa, Asia and Latin America), and clash dynamics. such a lot are of a comparative nature, exploring reports of clash in addition to cooperation in a number of regions.
This quantity reveals its foundation in an cutting edge examine programme with the acronym CoCooN, urged by way of The Netherlands corporation for clinical learn (NWO/WOTRO) and concerning universities and civil society companions in lots of international locations. It provides the conceptual methods adhered to by way of each one of 7 interdisciplinary initiatives, starting from eco-friendly criminology and political ecology to institutional research, felony pluralism and identification politics. the quantity could be of curiosity to lecturers and practitioners serious about an figuring out of clash in addition to cooperation over normal resources.
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Additional info for Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South: Conceptual Approaches
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) The lack of transparency and accountability of the payments that companies make to governments and the revenues that governments receive from those companies compounds effective ameliorative international action. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) launched by British Prime Minister Tony Blair on the World Summit for Sustainable Development in September 2002, seeks to ensure that transparency and accountability. EITI is a voluntary initiative supported by a coalition of companies, governments, investors and civil society organisations that follow the so-called EITI Principles adopted in 2003.
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As discussed in section 3, the active involvement of NGOs and beneficiaries in the diverse tracking systems, monitoring and advocacy initiatives can assist in fostering a more effective approach in reality, where the goals, approaches, outcomes and impacts are shared among the stakeholders involved and may also serve as examples for others, thereby replicating itself in other areas and domains. REFERENCES Adano, W. R. Witsenburg. 2008. Pastoral Sedentarisation, natural resource management, and livelihood diversification in Marsabit District, Northern Kenya.