By Maria-Luisa Rivero, Angela Ralli
This selection of seven papers stories vital facets of the syntax of Albanian, Bulgarian, Greek, and Rumanian from a comparative standpoint according to present linguistic frameworks, together with the Minimalist software. subject matters addressed contain keep watch over, elevating, and obviation, negation, noun word constitution, clitic pronouns, and verb circulate.
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Extra resources for Comparative Syntax of the Balkan Languages
Cliticization vs. 502-13. Zwicky, A. M. 1987. 133-48. 3 Head-to-Head Merge in Balkan Subjunctives and Locality Carmen Dobrovie-Sorin 1. Introduction The data to be analyzed below belong to three types of constructions, which are held to be syntactically distinct in GB analyses: control, raising to subject, and obviation. Extending Dobrovie-Sorin's (1994. chap. 4) analysis of Romanian to the other Balkan languages, I will argue that the data support a unified analysis along the lines of Koster (1978, 1984, 1987), who proposes that the same syntactic configuration, namely anaphoric binding, underlies both control and subject raising.
Alexander (1995) has shown, for example, that the prosodic behavior of the negative morpheme ne in verbal groups and clitic sequences exhibits some degree of fusion in that it forms a single prosodic domain with other elements but is nonetheless quite readily analyzable as a separate element; the SerboCroatian negative future based on 'want', for example, necu 'I won't', is a case in point, since cu in general shows some synchronie clitic-like properties (though not necessarily in this combination), making the synchronie analysis of the form quite transparent.
As this last trait shows, part of what makes languages in a Sprachbund of considerable interest is not just that they converge on one another but that this convergence represents a divergence from their previous stages and from other genetically and geographically related languages. Furthermore, for Sprachbund members that are genetically related, the convergent features are not a matter of a shared inheritance from their common ancestor. 11. Language abbreviations here are "Alb" for Albanian, "Big" for Bulgarian, "Grk" for Greek, and "Rom" for Romanian; elsewhere, "Mac" is used for Macedonian and "Trk" for Turkish.