By Laura J. Downing
This booklet considers the interplay of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic shape and the measure to which one determines the opposite. It considers the operation of canonical types, the invariant syllabic shapes of morphemes and the defining attribute of prosodic morphology. Dr Downing offers an unique thought which she exams on information from a wide selection of languages. Her booklet may be of crucial curiosity to students and complicated scholars of phonology and morphology, and of linguistic concept extra generally.
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Additional info for Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology
Max-IO-Root, Max-BR-Affix. This leads to the following reWnement of the general TETU ranking in (7): (14) TETU, reWned to take into account Root ) AYx: IO Faithfulness ) Markedness Constraints ) BR-Root Faithfulness ) Markedness Constraints ) BR-Affix Faithfulness Given this ranking, all reduplicative morphemes must contain less marked structure than non-reduplicative outputs, but Stem and Root reduplicants contain more marked structure than AYxal ones do. The distinction between Ilokano Heavy and Light reduplication can then be reanalysed in PBT by adapting Urbanczyk’s (2000) analysis of Lushootseed (given in Chapter 1, Wg.
A strong argument in support of analysing the reduplicative string as a verb stem is that it provides the most plausible explanation for why the Wnal vowel of the verbal reduplicative morpheme is ‘a’ in many of these languages, no matter what vowel occurs in the corresponding syllable of the Base verb stem. As traditional scholars like Doke (1954) and Meeussen (1967) show, the canonical Bantu verb stem consists of a (disyllabic) verb Root-Final Vowel complex, and the most common Final Vowel morpheme is ‘a’.
REDRoot-trabaho e. trab-trabaho f. trabaho-trabaho g. ∗ ∗∗∗∗ ∗∗∗∗! Candidate (16a) is optimal for Light (AYxal) reduplication, as it best satisWes the markedness constraints—NoCoda and *Strucs 7 I assume the constraint ParseMorpheme—a morph must be realized in the output (Akinlabi 1996)—rules out a candidate with a null realization of the reduplicative morpheme like ø- trabaho. Prosodic Hierarchy-Based Templates 47 (12)—which optimize copying as much of the Base as possible while not exceeding a single open syllable.