By Tim O'Riordan, Susanne Stoll-Kleemann
The speed at which the planet is wasting its biodiversity, the consequences of this loss, and attainable treatments are the topic of a lot public and educational debate. This ebook indicates how biodiversity will be safe throughout the involvement of neighborhood groups. The authors recommend that strict safeguard of threatened components needs to be mixed with involvement via neighborhood economies and societies. The ebook examines the event of areas all over the world the place this procedure has been attempted, drawing upon the insights of political scientists, economists and social psychologists.
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Extra info for Biodiversity, Sustainability and Human Communities: Protecting Beyond the Protected
Each biodiversity ‘story’ depends on how societies evolve their economies, technologies, policies, political institutions and consumer cultures. There is no ‘given’ climate, only visualisations of climates as they may ‘emerge’ through our concern, or indifference, or engagement, or denial. Nevertheless, the implications for biodiversity arising from climate change are potentially profound. The second working group report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001: 9–10) suggests the following observations: Migration of plants and animals will increase at rates faster than local adaptation.
2 THE ROOT CAUSES OF BIODIVERSITY LOSS Wood and his colleagues (2000: 12–20) summarise the consensus over the fundamental causes of biodiversity losses. They point out that the ﬁve principal drivers are highly interconnected, and vary in the most diverse and unexpected ways at any point on the ground. It is the global to local and local to global interconnectedness that nowadays shapes biodiversity loss. Scale is not the framework any longer: it is a matter of perverse inﬂuences of economies, social selections, civil rights, property rights and political power, all played out through the panoply of culture, institutions and social psychology.
In the United States, the introduction and spread of the domestic honeybee is thought to have 38 Thomas E. Lovejoy excluded the Carolina parakeet from its nesting holes and led to its extinction. Invasive species are of equal importance in freshwater and marine systems, such as the zebra mussel in North America, or the lamprey which invaded the Great Lakes and ruined the lake trout ﬁshery (Elton 1958). Sometimes the introductions are deliberate, as with sport ﬁsh species. They appear to represent one of the causal factors in the endangerment of frogs in the California Sierra.