By Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (auth.), Chris Reed, Timothy J. Norman (eds.)
In the past due Nineteen Nineties, AI witnessed an expanding use of the time period 'argumentation' inside its bounds: in traditional language processing, in consumer interface layout, in good judgment programming and nonmonotonic reasoning, in Al's interface with the criminal neighborhood, and within the newly rising box of multi-agent structures. It appeared to me that a lot of those makes use of of argumentation have been encouraged through (of ten encouraged) guesswork, and nice majority of the AI group have been unaware that there has been a maturing, wealthy box of analysis in Argumentation conception (and severe pondering and casual good judgment) that have been gradually re development a scholarly method of the realm over the former 20 years or so. Argumentation thought, on its part; was once constructing theories and ways that many within the box felt may have a task extra largely in examine and soci ety, yet have been for the main half unaware that AI used to be the best applicants for such application.
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Extra info for Argumentation Machines: New Frontiers in Argument and Computation
4. 4 for a summary. 1). 2 to give an appreciation of what computer scientists mean when they talk about agent interaction through communication. 3 the focus is on commitment and role; these terms are used both in multi-agent systems research and in the study of argument, but for different purposes. This section outlines the different uses of these terms. 6). 7 discusses existing models of inter-agent dialogue, or what is often referred to as conversation policies, or protocols. 8 provides a summary of the issues addressed in this chapter and points towards potentials for future collaboration between computing and argumentation theory.
Agent communication languages (referred to as ACLs) are, in common with the typical models of the internal state of agents, specified in terms of intentional states. Inspired by the speech act model of communication (Austin, 1976; Searle, 1969; Searle and Vanderveken, 1985), these languages provide a set of performatives: a concept that conveys the idea that by utterances many things can be done besides making a statement. In the FIPA (2000) specification, for example, the semantics of each performative is specified in terms of a 1Exactly what are appropriate premises is an important question.
A hybrid of these approaches was put forward in (Reed, 1999) that built Cohen-like structures from Maybury-like plan operators. Elhadad (1995) takes a somewhat different approach, based upon Anscombe and Ducrot's (1991) theory of argument whereby the argument generation process is seen as one of managing topoi-based and lexical-based constraints. Finally, Zukerman et al. (1999) demonstrate a model for producing 'nice' arguments based on a Bayesian underpinning, and Carenini (200 1) follows a similar path, basing his GEA system upon decision trees.