By Edward F. Fern
In particular written for researchers and scholars with a primary wisdom of concentration crew study, the booklet offers quite a few examples of what researchers may still and shouldn't do in designing their very own study tasks. furthermore, it seriously examines the bounds of concentration teams and indicates the best way to use concentration teams for nontraditional examine projects.
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Additional info for Advanced Focus Group Research
Women disclosed more than men to both strangers and acquaintances, but the difference decreases when disclosing to strangers. These findings are consistent with Triandis's notion (1995) that women are more collectivistic and men more individualistic. , strangers). Gender of the Target or Receiver of Disclosures. Previous research indicates that female-to-female disclosure is highest, male to male is lowest, and mixed-gender disclosure is intermediate. Same-gender target and female targets resulted in the greatest gender differences in self-disclosure (Dindia & 38 ADVANCED FOCUS GROUP RESEARCH Allen, 1992).
Finally, Dindia and Allen (1992) in a meta-analysis on the large volume of self-disclosure research found a significant main effect for discloser's gender, which indicates that women disclosed more than men did. , 1993). Because women generally disclose more than men do, if a discussion partner reciprocates at an equally high level of disclosure, the overall level of disclosure for the dyad will be very high (Dindia & Allen, 1992). Therefore, in all-female groups we should expect high levels of self-disclosure.
The Effects of Culture on Gender Differences in Self-Disclosure There are four cultural-related reasons for gender effects on self-disclosure: (a) value differences, (b) social norms, (c) gender roles, and (d) beliefs about normative behavior. Derlega and colleagues (1993) attribute the gender differences in disclosure to a combination of these explanations, which they see as gender subculture differences. First, men and women value Group Composition, Individual Characteristics, and Cohesion 39 self-disclosure differently.