By Marc Hirshman
Compares Rabbinic midrash and Patristic exegesis in overdue antiquity and gives an advent to many of the sorts of Patristic literature. by way of evaluating interpretations of the Hebrew Bible by way of Jews, Christians, and Gnostics in overdue Antiquity, this publication offers a different viewpoint on those spiritual pursuits in Palestine. Rival interpretations of the early Church and the Midrash are set opposed to the backdrop of the pagan critique of those religions and the gnostic probability that grew inside of either Christianity and Judaism. The comparability of the exegetical works of Christianity and Judaism illuminates the later improvement of the 2 religions and provides clean perception into the Bible itself
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Extra resources for A Rivalry of Genius: Jewish and Christian Biblical Interpretation in Late Antiquity
6. Songs and ritual poems, which are replete with exegeses. Several other genres—histories, letters, stories of martyrdom, and so forth—also include biblical comments written in the Church during these years. These three elements—the language of the work, its geographic and intellectual milieu, and the literary form of the exegesis—all hamper attempts at a uniform description of Christian biblical exegeses. The exegetic midrash follows a specific biblical book verse by verse and comments on each one (as is the case in Genesis Rabbah); the homiletic midrash presents more distinct and integrated material on a specific subject and does not deal exhaustively with all verses in their order of appearance in a given biblical book (as is the case in Leviticus Rabbah).
After clarifying Justin's claims and methods, including those he ascribes to the Jewish teachers of his times, we will closely consider rabbinic midrashim of the same period, to estimate their relevance to the questions raised by Justin. The Jew Trypho goes on to offer his new friend even better advice: "If then, you are willing to listen to me (for I have already considered you a friend), first be circumcised, then observe what ordinances have been enacted with respect to the Sabbath, and the feasts, and the new moons of God; and, in a word, do all things which have been written in the law; and then perhaps you shall obtain mercy from God" (8:4).
If so, the actual sermon may well have been much simpler than the product before us. One of the major and most celebrated apologies is the Dialogue with Trypho by Justin Martyr, which is discussed more extensively in the next chapter. This work, presented as a dialogue between a Jew and a Christian, is marked by the tension that characterized the relations between the early Church and the Jews concerning the true interpretation of the Bible. During the third century, the Church witnessed the emergence of one of its most creative and prolific figures throughout the ancient period—Origen of Alexandria (c.