By Michael Simpson
Cunningham was once the best-known and such a lot celebrated British admiral of the second one global conflict. He held one of many significant fleet instructions among 1939 and 1942, and in 1942-43, he used to be Allied naval commander for the nice amphibious operations within the Mediterranean. From 1943 to 1946, he was once the 1st Sea Lord and a player within the wartime meetings with Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt and the U.S. Chiefs of employees, taking into account the worldwide approach for Allied victory.He additionally led a truly energetic public lifestyles for nearly two decades after his retirement in 1946. Cunningham's papers are plentiful for the interval 1939-63 and are supplemented the following via cupboard and Admiralty files, papers of his provider contemporaries and of Churchill, and by means of thoughts of his friends and family, in addition to huge US documents and personal papers.
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Additional resources for A Life of Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham: A Twentieth-century Naval Leader (Naval Policy and History Series)
Greece, though ostensibly neutral, was in a volatile political state and the king was pro-German. Cunningham, now commanding a division of four destroyer-minesweepers, swept the harbour ahead of the mainly French battle squadron. Though Cunningham afterwards returned to Scorpion, he had to break in a new ship’s company, few of whom were regulars. There followed an uneventful spell on patrol off the Dardanelles, enlivened only by Wolverine ramming Scorpion from astern, necessitating a month in Malta dockyard.
He had made his reputation as a first-class seaman, a fighting sailor and a captain of resource, determination, authority and distinction. 41 His first wartime home command, the Ophelia, of the 14th Flotilla in the Grand Fleet, and which he joined on 11 February 1918, was unkempt, slack and ill-organised. 42 Vice-Admiral Keyes, however, was able to offer him a command in the Dover Patrol. He was appointed to Termagant (1,100 tons, 32–34 knots, five four-inch guns, four 21-inch torpedo tubes), a large destroyer being built for Turkey in 1914 but taken over by the Admiralty.
A Cinderella sub-service, its aircraft remained ancillary to the battle fleet. A shortage of planes, the necessity of designing them for multiple roles, and the modest effect of their bombs and torpedoes, meant that that carrier strike forces were tasked only to slow down an enemy and bring it within gun range of the (generally slower) British battle squadron. 24 Cunningham had the good fortune to be appointed to the First Flotilla, in the Atlantic Fleet, at the end of 1922, when it was temporarily attached to the Mediterranean Fleet as a consequence of the turbulent situation in Turkey.