By Matras, Yaron
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Domari
Most of the recordings took place in speakers’ homes, or, in some cases, neighbours were invited to speak to me at the home of my hosts in the BƗb l-ѽX߮߮D neighbourhood. A close working relationship was established with one speaker, with whom I met regularly outside the neighbourhood, in West Jerusalem, and who later visited me in Manchester, funded by a grant from the British Academy. This speaker 32 Chapter 1: Introduction assisted me in interpreting the recorded material, in particular connected speech, and in filling gaps that arose in the coverage of forms, paradigms, lexical variants and so on.
Second, a tendency is emerging to correlate length with stress. As a result, stressed vowel segments often display length: >PԌߑWDਥKUH৸QL@ PL߂WDKǓQL ‘they are ill’. At the same time, root long vowels are maintained while grammatical endings take the word stress: >GR৸ਥP͑@ GڟPH ‘the Doms’. Length is more easily identified on stress-carrying grammatical segments: >পDਥKDюDਥOLEL@ DKDьDOtEL ‘this is milk’, but >ਥSMDPL юDOLਥEL৸@ S\DPL ьDOLEҮ ‘I drink the milk (I am drinking the milk)’. Especially L in final stressed position tends to undergo considerable lengthening, thus making the presence or absence of stress a key to the quantity status of the vowel.
2. Long vowels Vowel lengthening in Domari may have its roots in the language’s ancient Indo-Aryan precursor, hence forms within the inherited vocabulary stock, such as >GR৸ਥP͑@ GڟPH ‘the Doms’, could show historical continuation of the long vowel. But there is little doubt that vowel quantity is nowadays strongly influenced by lengthening patterns in Arabic. Firstly, Arabic length contrasts are preserved: cf. >EԌਥ]]ľEW@ ELॳॳDEW ‘precisely’, >ਥ]ľ৸EԌW@ ॳčELW ‘officer’. Second, a tendency is emerging to correlate length with stress.