By Christina Marie Willis
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Extra info for A descriptive grammar of Darma: An endangered Tibeto-Burman language
While some of the children that I visited in the villages near Dharchula spoke Darma fluently, many parents encourage their children to focus on learning English and Hindi. The perception is that Darma and the other Rang languages will not benefit the children when they reach adulthood and need to find employment. Many Rang people I met do not bring their children on migration because it would interrupt the school year. Most villages in the Darma Valley no longer have schools, due in large part to a dearth of teachers willing to spend six months in such a rugged and remote area.
The verb is also marked with subject agreement in the first 31 This is especially apparent in his discussion of the ergative marker, which he says can only occur in the past tense. While Hindi has a split ergative system, I find no evidence in Darma to support Krishan’s claim. During elicitation sessions, however, speakers were much more likely to follow the Hindi pattern, especially if Hindi was used as the contact language. The effects of the contact language were evident in other aspects of the grammar.
Hindi, Nepali, Kumauni, and Pahari). e. e. Hindi and Pahari). Hindi is spoken in this region by the government employees who are stationed in and near Dharchula for work and locals who are educated in Hindi-medium schools. 19 Hindi is the language of the state government, and is used in interactions between locals and non-locals. The Dharchula area is considered a sensitive border area due to its proximity to Tibet (China). The Indo-Tibetan Border Patrol (ITBP), the Sima Sasastra Bal (SSB or Border Special Force), the Kumaun Scouts, the police, the Indian Army, the National Hydro-Electrical Power Corporation, and a Central Intelligence Officer are all stationed in and around Dharchula.