By Paul Bennett
The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is a tremendous syntactic idea which has been followed through the computational linguistics global. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic idea and covers all of the major constructs of the grammar.
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Extra resources for A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG
8) a. Has Jim eaten the sandwich? b. Jim told Bob to leave. < previous page page_26 next page > < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 For illustrative purposes, we shall assume that these have the structures shown in (9). (9) a. b. In each case, we could argue about the structure, but later we shall see that the trees given in (9) are well motivated. It will be seen that in (9a) N2 precedes V2, even though they also have a V0 as sister. And in (9b), in addition to N2 preceding V2 as daughters of S, N2 precedes V2 when both are daughters of V1.
But ECPO is a rather abstract property of grammars, and it is not possible to pronounce on it without formulating a reasonably complete grammar for the language in question. We shall close this section with a few remarks on the formal interpretation of ID/LP. e. it consists of a root node and its daughters. We can now say: A local tree T is admitted by an ID/LP grammar G if and only if T is consistent with some ID rule in G and every LP statement in G . (Gazdar et al. 1985: p. 46) So, given our grammar so far for English, the local tree (30a) is among those admitted.
In a PS-rule system, we would need two separate rules for (5) and (6), namely (2) and (3c) above. But only a single ID-rule is required (3b). ID/LP format, then, simplifies the description of ‘free word order’, as it is often called, by allowing variant orders to be generated by the simple device of not using LP-statements to exclude any orders. It remains to be shown that phenomena like the one considered in the last paragraph really do exist in natural language. It is actually rather hard to illustrate this from English, but one possible case (cf.