By Dale Jacquette
This selection of newly comissioned essays by means of overseas individuals bargains a consultant evaluate of an important advancements in modern philosophical logic.
- Presents controversies in philosophical implications and functions of formal symbolic logic.
- Surveys significant tendencies and provides unique insights.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Philosophical Logic
M. Loux) and part II (tr. A. Freddoso and H. Schurmann) (Notre Dame University Press, 1974, 1980). Furthermore, the series Philosophisches Bibliothek, published by Felix Meiner Verlag, (Hamburg, contains many bilingual (Latin/German) editions, with introductions and careful annotations, of important works in medieval logic. The Routledge series Topics in Medieval Philosophy contains volumes of interest for the general philosopher: Ivan Boh, Epistemic Logic in the Later Middle Ages (London, 1993) is particularly interesting on the epistemological aspects of the theory of consequences, while A.
Not where we ought to go, but where we have been. 7) The “cattle,” poor drudges who taught logic to undergraduates, struck back by proposing to ban Locke’s Essay from Oxford, since “there was a great decay of logical exercises . . which could not be attributed to anything so much as the new philosophy, which was too much read” (Cranston 1957: 465ff). Hume continued Locke’s attack: “Our scholastic headpieces shew no . . 15). Denis Diderot’s article on logic in the Encyclopédie, the most widely consulted reference work of the century, claimed that reasoning is a natural ability; to conduct logical inquiries is like “setting oneself the task of dissecting the human leg in order to learn how to walk” (Encyclopédie, Logique).
Is true, then – is true’ are indicatorphrases for consequence, which is a relation between proposition(al content)s. • ‘thus,’ ‘therefore’ are indicator words for inference, which is a passage from premise judgment[s] (assertion[s]) to a conclusion judgment (assertion). • ‘because,’ ‘is a cause (ground, reason) for’ are indicator words for causal grounding, which is a relation between events, or states of affairs. However, in medieval logic, si (if), igitur (therefore), sequitur (follows) and quia (because) are all indicator-words for one and the same notion of a consequentia.