By John Dewey
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Additional info for A Common Faith (The Terry Lectures Series)
Moreover, a man must not persuade himself that he has excellent and important purposes in the common acts of his individual life. In that case it frequently happens that while he bases his own deeds on good intentions and seeks to make his unimportant deeds great by his reflections he is apt, on the other hand, to attribute a selfish or bad motive to the great or at least good deeds of others. footing as regards equality with those not in need. It is a matter for him to decide whether or not he wants to appear as one in need.
Man has them directly from nature. ' Good' and 'bad' are moral predicates and pertain to the will. The Good is that which corresponds to Reason. But Impulses and Inclinations cannot be considered apart from their relation to the will; this relation is not a contingent one and man is no indifferent twofold being. Explanatory: Morality has for its obj ect man in his particularity. This- seems at first to contain only a multiplicity of peculiarities wherein 41 40 The first essential determination of man is his Individuality; [secondly], he belongs to a natural totality, the Family; [thirdly] , he is a member of the State; [fourthly] he stands in relation to Other Men ' in General.
Reason, on the contrary, makes a qualitative distinction, i. e. a distinction in regard to content. It prefers the worthy obj ect of pleasure to the unworthy one. It therefore enters upon a comparison of th e nature of o bjects. In so far it does not regard the subjective as such, i. e. the pleasant feeling, but rather the objective. It teaches, therefore, what kind of objects men should desiderate for themselves. On account of the universality of his nature man has such an infinite variety of sources of pleasure open before him that the path to the agreeable is beset with illusions and he may be easily led astray through this infinite variety itself: i.