By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen
The ebook features a number of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this booklet are all written inside of a cognitive linguistics framework, targeted round various linguistic elements of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an creation to this major subject, offering a wide viewpoint and a normal, theoretical history from notice grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the remainder ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic facets of the verb, illustrated via a number of languages and study parts, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe various elements of Norwegian - a language no longer previous investigated at this sort of scale inside of cognitive linguistics. Norwegian bargains helpful contributions via being heavily on the topic of English, but differing in convinced vital and engaging methods. additionally, info from a number of different languages are incorporated, between others Italian, Russian, and diversified African languages, supplying a much broader typological diversity.
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Additional resources for A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives
The reference point becomes progressively more intrinsic to the target process, both structurally and conceptually. Naturally, as we move from larger, loosely integrated structures to those which are smaller and more compact (at the Topic, subject, and possessor 45 extreme, a single verb stem), their processing occurs on a progressively smaller time scale, and we are less and less likely to be consciously aware of either the reference point organization or its dynamic character. I would not expect the temporal dimension of trajector/landmark alignment to be easily accessible to introspection at the lowest level.
A great deal of work is clearly needed before this proposal is widely accepted as a viable and well-supported characterization of subject and object. g. Cook 1988; Kumashiro in preparation), as well as further experimental work approaching matters from the psychological and processing standpoint. Perhaps the proposed description will be enough to give investigators some idea of what to look for. At the very least, I suggest it offers a coherent, integrated view of topic-like elements at the lexical, grammatical, and discourse levels, in both synchronic and diachronic 48 Ronald W.
Not only is the pivot a focal participant in the profiled relationship, but also topic and pivot coincide in the sense that the same nominal expresses them both. Is this option also available for a subject nominal? It is certainly possible in principle, but since English subjects normally occur clause-initially, that alone does not unambiguously mark a subject as clause-internal topic. Note however that expressions like (28)—where topic and pivot coincide—often occur in contrastive pairs, which makes the instantiating nominal accentually prominent.